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MAJOR GENERAL ROBERT SEDGWICK
ROBERT SEDGWICK of London, afterwards Major General of Massachusetts Colony, was, we believe, the first of our name to come to America. He is the ancestor of a very large family that is now scattered to every State in the Union.
He was born at Woburn, Bedfordshire, England, and baptised there May 6, 1613, according to the Register of St. Mary's Church at Woburn. He was the son of William Sedgwicke and Elizabeth Lowe (or Howe), whose marriage on April 10, 1604, is recorded in the same Register. It is said that Woburn, Mass., was so named as a compliment to Robert, who assisted in laying out the town.
All knowledge of his early life comes from Johnson's "Wonder Work of Providence", to the effect that he was "stout and active in all feats of war, nurst up in London's Artillery Garden. - "exact theory besides the help of a very good top piece."
There is no positive record of when he came to this country, but he is supposed to have been, "Jo Sedgwick, aged 24," licensed to be transported to New England, imbarqued in the Truelove 19 Sept. l635.
The first mention of him in New England is found in the First Record Book, of the First Church in Charlestown, which states that in 1636, 12 mo: day 27 (that is Feb. 27, 1637, our calen- dar) Robert Sedgwick, with Joanna Sedgwick, his wife were admitted to the church. He was made a freeman on March 9, following, when he was appointed Captain for the town "by our Court."
He became prominent in the affairs of Charlestown, Boston and the Colony. On March 13, 1638 "Robert Sedgwiok and others at their request, were ordered to form a Company, which shall be called the Military Company of Massachusetts." This was later called the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company, and was the first organization of its kind in New England. He was Captain of the Company in 1840, Commander of Castle in 1641, and Head of Regiment of Middlesex in 1643.
He was appointed Major General of the Colony May 26, 1852, and was soon thereafter called to Military service by Oliver Cromwell, then Lord Protector of England. His first commission was an expedition against the Dutch in New York, but upon his arrival he found that peace had been made. He then sailed with his squadron to Boston and was commissioned for an expedition against the French Forts in Arcadia, with John Leveret (afterwards governor of the colony) as second in company. This was a very successful campaign, three forts being captured and English garrisons left in charge.
The above results so pleased Lord Protector Cromwell that in July 1854 Major General Sedgwick was sent from Boston in command of a fleet of about 23 vessels to relieve the British forces at Jamaica, which had recently been captured by Generals Venable and Penn, both of whom had returned to England by the time of Sedgwick's arrival. He found the army in a very de- moralized condition, and that no proper quarters had been constructed nor storehouses for supplies, which were scattered